Several territories such as Rennes or Albi have recently embarked on a “food self-sufficiency” project, echoing the new challenges of territorial resilience. However, if a complete autonomy is not desirable nor conceivable, other questions are rising: What is nowadays the level of food autonomy in our territories? Are our cities able to feed their inhabitants? What is the room for improvement?
In order to take stock of these challenges, Utopies, a sustainable development consulting firm, has conducted an unprecedented study evaluating the degree of food autonomy in the first 100 urban areas in France. The ranking highlights the disparities of autonomy as well as the potential that is still largely unfulfilled. Only 8 urban areas exceed 5% of food autonomy while 58 are below 2%. At the same time, the food metabolism of our territories seems inconsistent: on average, out of the 100 urban areas analysed, 98% of the food is composed of “imported” agricultural products while 97% of local agricultural products are “exported”!
In an economic and political context of debates on the effects of globalization and the search for alternative solutions, this study puts forward the rising stake of re-establishing the local and circular economy as well as the implementation of collaborative approaches.
Discover the complete study on food self-sufficiency in cities (French only)